February 23, 1942 -
Britain refuses entry visas into Palestine to 769 Jews aboard the Struma. In a vain search for a safe haven, the ship hits a mine. Only one passenger survives.
August 11, 1942 -
Gerhart Riegner cables Rabbi Stephen Wise in New York detailing Nazi plans to murder Jews. U.S. officials withhold the news for three months.
November 25, 1942 -
Jan Karski, an emissary of the Polish underground, arrives in London with eyewitness reports of atrocities against Jews. He briefs British and American leaders, but few believe him.
December 17, 1942 -
The Us, USSR, Britain and nine allies condemn Nazi "extermination of the Jewish People in Europe."
April 19-30, 1943 -
An Anglo-American conference in Bermuda decides not to divert resources from the war effort to rescue Jews.
May 12, 1943 -
Szmul Zygielbojm, a member of the Polish National Council, commits suicide in London as a protest against Allied failure to stop mass murder after the Nazis kill the last Warsaw Jews - including his wife and son.
October 1, 1943 -
Danish resistance groups launch a two week operation that ultimately smuggles more than 7,000 Jews to safety in Sweden.
October 16, 1943 -
Pope Pius XII remains silent when the Nazis deport the Jews of Rome.
January 22, 1944 -
President Roosevelt creates the War Refugee Board after a report by Treasury Secretary Morgenthau shows U.S. government obstruction of efforts to rescue Jews.
June 26, 1944 -
The U.S. War Department turns down requests by Jewish leaders to bomb Auschwitz.