The End of the War
June 6, 1944 -
On D-Day, Allied forces land in France.
July 23, 1944 -
Soviet troops liberate Majdanek, the first death camp freed. Though journalists visit its gas chambers, the camp receives little world attention.
November 18, 1944 -
Hungarian Nazis start death marches to Germany and plan a ghetto in Budapest. Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg and others work to save remnants of Hungarian Jewry.
January 1945 -
Abba Kovner and others establish Bricha (Flight), a secret organization that smuggles Jewish survivors to Palestine.
January 18, 1945 -
Germans begin evacuating Auschwitz, forcing 66,000 on a death march. At least 15,000 die. Some 7,000 sick and starving prisoners left behind are liberated by the Soviets.
April 11, 1945 -
American troops liberate Buchenwald. British enter Bergen-Belsen three days later. In both overcrowded camps, many of the weakest die even after liberation.