November 7, 1938 -
Herschel Grynszpan, a 17-year-old whose parents were refugees in Zbaszyn, protests by shooting Ernst vom Rath, an official at the German embassy in Paris.
November 9, 1938 -
The Nazis, using the assisination of German official as an excuse, organize Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass). Anti-Jewish attacks across Germany and Austria murder 91 Jews, desecrate 1,400 synagogues and destroy shops.
November 12, 1938 -
Decrees force Jews to pay one billion marks for damage planned and done by Nazis on Kristallnacht, order Jewish firms to close, and expel Jewish schoolchildren.
July 4, 1939 -
The Nazi government replaces the independent Central Organization of German Jews with a new association supervised and controlled by the Gestapo.