BAECK, LEO (1873-1956) (German)
Rabbi, philosopher, and community leader in Berlin. In 1933, he became president of the Reich Representation of German Jews, an organization responsible to the Nazi regime concerning Jewish matters. Despite opportunities to emmigrate, Baeck refused to leave Germany. In 1943, he was deported to the ghetto of Terezin (Theresienstadt), where he became a member of the Council of Elders and spiritual leader of the Jews imprisoned there. After the liberation of the ghetto he emigrated to England.
One of the six extermination camps in Poland. Originally established in 1940 as a camp for Jewish forced labor, the Germans began construction of an extermination camp at Belzec on November 1, 1941, as part of Aktion Reinhard. By the time the camp ceased operations in January 1943, more than 600,000 persons had been murdered there.
One of the largest concentration camps in Germany near Hanover. About 30,000 Jews killed in this camp.
Among the main concentration camps in Germany from 1938. After Chrisatlnacht about 10,000 Jews broght to this camp. During Second World War the camp supplied slave labor to the German economy.