Prisoner in charge of a group of inmates in Nazi concentration camps.

Pediatrician, writer, philosopher and educator, and head of to orphanages in Warsaw, one for Jewish children and one for Polish children. Korczak's orphanages were known for their new approach to the rights of children and their democratic structure. Korczak went with his 192 Jewish children to Treblinka death camp on August 5h 1942.

Night of the Broken Glass: pogrom unleashed by the Nazis on November 9-10, 1938. Throughout Germany and Austria, synagogues and other Jewish institutions were burned, Jewish stores were destroyed, and their contents looted. At the same time, approximately 35,000 Jewish men were sent to concentration camps. The "excuse" for this action was the assassination of Ernst vom Rath in Paris by a Jewish teenager whose parents had been rounded up by the Nazis. (see GRYNSZPAN, HERSCHEL).