WANNSEE CONFERENCE (January 20, 1942)
Lake near Berlin where the Wannsee Conference was held to discuss and coordinate the "Final Solution." It was attended by many high-ranking Nazis, including Reinhard Heydrich and Adolf Eichmann.
WALLENBERG, RAOUL (1912-19??)
Swedish diplomat who, in 1944, went to Hungary on a mission to save as many Jews as possible by handing out Swedish papers, passports and visas. He is credited with saving the lives of at least 30,000 people. After the liberation of Budapest, he was mysteriously taken into custody by the Russians and his fate remains unknown.
Established in November 1940, the ghetto, surrounded by a wall, confined nearly 500,000 Jews. Almost 45,000 Jews died there in 1941 alone, due to overcrowding, forced labor, lack of sanitation, starvation, and disease. For a few days in January and then fom April 19 to May 16, 1943, a revolt took place in the ghetto when the Germans, commanded by General J?rgen Stroop, attempted to raze the ghetto and deport the remaining inhabitants to Treblinka. The uprising, led by Mordecai Anielewicz, was the first instance in occupied Europe of an uprising by an urban population. Anielewicz and many of his comrades were killed on May 8th at the Mila-18 bunker. A few of the Jewish fighters escaped the burning ghetto through the sewage tunnels to the "Arian" side of the city and drove by a truck to a nearby forest. A few of them, led by Yitzhak Zukkerman, Anielevicz's deputy commander, fought on August 1944 in the Polish uprising in Warswa.
A concentration camp for the Jews of Holland before they were sent to death camps.
WIESENTHAL, SIMON (1908)
Famed Holocaust survivor who has dedicated his life since the war to gathering evidence for the prosecution of Nazi war criminals.